Words That Introduce Quotes Or Paraphrases

Explain the significance of the quote or paraphrase to your reader. Direct quotes can provide strong evidence, act as an authoritative voice, or support a writer's statements. Instead, introduce them in a. Signal phrases are short phrases that introduce a quote, paraphrase, or summary; they signal to readers that an outside source is being used. Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. In the space below, write a few sentences about the rhetorical element and its example, but this time, paraphrase the quote. Paraphrasing: To paraphrase is to include the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words. Use quotes or paraphrases when you want to: use an author as an authoritative voice. Try and introduce the block quote with a sentence ending in a colon: also refer to your style guide, as they all have different conventions for the block quote. Verbs used in APA style signal phrases (adapted from Diana Hacker's. Example: According to their statement to the local papers, the Allens refuse to use pesticide because of potential water pollution. • The quotation from the original is integrated into the writer's sentence. But most people are stuck in the physical aspect, unaware of the poetic rapport which it so clumsily tries to teach. 27cm from the left margin. Paraphrasing sources, rather than quoting, lets more of your own thinking come through. PARAPHRASING & SUMMARIZING SOURCES. The Paraphrasing Spectrum To Repeat, you select the main claims or most relevant parts of a text. Quotations in a Nutshell Use quotation marks to indicate a person’s exact words. Most of your paper should be in your own words, and try to summarize from sources when you're writing in the social or natural sciences. In order to do this, use a verb to introduce the research. *Quotation – If what the speaker or author said was important in the exact order that he or she stated it, record the sentence(s) word-for-word as a direct quotation. (See “He said, she said” below. Note that I said “about 15 words…” Note that I said “about 15 words…”, so don’t let that exact number stop you using a quote that’s a bit longer. ; Cite your quote or paraphrase properly according to the rules of style you are following in your essay. The most common form of plagiarism is to paraphrase information from your source material. Proper paraphrasing is an art. Sometimes student writers will drop a quote into the middle of a paragraph because the quote seems to fit with the main idea of the paragraph. MLA paraphrase involves incorporating another person’s facts and opinions in your writing is possible with the use of citations as described in the MLA manual of style. !Reduce!the!quotation!to!justthose!bits!you!need! to!prove!the!pointyou’re. Direct quotes of 40 words or longer need to be in a "freestanding block of text" (APA 6, p. Putting your understanding of what you have read into your own words is known as paraphrasing. 03): If a quotation comprises 40 or more words, display it in a freestanding block of text and omit the quotation marks. Find practical tips on how to introduce author's words and examples of a summary, a paraphrase and a quote basing on one given text. 408) APA style signal phrases consist of the last name (family name) of your source followed by the year of publication in parentheses and a verb which reflects his or her tone, attitude and position. Integrating Paraphrase Paraphrasing and Summarizing are two methods of incorporating source material into one’s own text. This is your paper and your arguments must be supported; this includes showing how the quote or paraphrase connects to and proves your ideas. You need to be careful when you do this to make sure that you are really rewriting the text, not just changing a few key words. Quotations and Paraphrases. Place direct quotations that are 40 words, or longer, in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. It is good to listen to their musings, since your dissertation is going through inductive and deductive process, and understanding it, can help you control better your dissertation writing. General Formatting Rules for Quoting and Paraphrasing. Identify the differences between summary, paraphrase, and quotation Practice putting source information into your own words Use signal phrases to introduce summary, paraphrase, and quotation. A direct quote is when you take text directly from a source without changing anything. However, using quotation marks would make this a direct quotation and not a paraphrase. Commas are typically used to introduce a quotation by way of some word or expression, such as "said" or "asked" or any appropriate synonym for these words. 16 Colon to introduce a quotation; 13. Many well-wishers from around the same extradiegetic narratee. Introducing Quotes Why do we use quotes? • Quotations are used for many different purposes: to argue with another author’s definition of a specific term, to validate a claim or provide statistical evidence, and to provide the reader with a claim that we wish to refute later on in the paper. For example, you might put a sentence into your own words, or you might summarize what another author or set of authors found. Introducing Quotes Why do we use quotes? • Quotations are used for many different purposes: to argue with another author’s definition of a specific term, to validate a claim or provide statistical evidence, and to provide the reader with a claim that we wish to refute later on in the paper. For quotations longer than four lines, use a block quote. – Summaries differ from paraphrases--paraphrases more closely follow the original text's presentation (they still use your words, but they are longer than summaries). Quotations 1. For longer passages, use block quotes. , put in block form), with no quotation marks at beginning or end, as in the quoted passage from our Successful vs. words and sentences so it becomes a coherent part of your paper written in your own style. A good rule of thumb: when in doubt, give a citation!. It can be a challenge to insert these sources smoothly without taking away from your voice as a writer. By no means is this good writing, but it may work in the most research-based disciplines and papers, provided it’s surrounded by a context of your own writing. Paraphrasing is taking someone’s idea and putting it in your own words. Yes, you can leave out words you deem unnecessary in a quotation, but you can't take out words that will change its meaning. The source's idea is the same, but you have translated it into your own words. Block quotes are used for direct quotations that are longer than 40 words. _____ A quote is the written form of the words which people have spoken. An analogous situation can occur at the professional level when authors see the need to paraphrase a complex process or methodology. A poem that is paraphrased is a different poem, the two may have vastly different merits. Double space the quote and indent 10 spaces to set it apart from the rest of the paper. Many people are using it and it is not bad when you also start to have it for yourself. Otherwise, it would be a collection of quotes rather than an original essay. This is the most common citation in a paper. A simple rule to remember is that any time you use four or more exact words in a row, you’ll need to put them into quotation marks. These sources can provide background material, or serve as expert testimony. You may also make some changes in verb tense or structure so that the paraphrase makes more sense in its new context. Capturing Authorial Action/ For Summaries or Paraphrasing: These target phrases alert the reader that the author is about to summarize or paraphrase another idea established by an authority on a chosen topic. The student didn't introduce the source, nor did he put the ideas in his own words. for instance: words are what poetry is all about, “the wording is the essence of the novelty” [18]. Introduce your quotes and paraphrases to your reader, especially on first reference. When you are introducing a speaker, your primary goal is to prepare the audience and get them excited for what they are about to hear. According the 6th edition of the APA Style Guide (sections 4. When you want to use the author as an authoritative voice in your own writing. Notice how words that are found italicized in the original text are likewise italicized in the quote. Jordan has said, "I cook rice every day. They make it easy to paraphrase words and sentences and improve the quality of your essay with a click on a single button. to introduce an author's position you may wish to discuss. -- Created using PowT. ˜ Basically, X is saying _____. Tips on Paraphrasing. You can introduce a quotation, a paraphrase, and a summary by using signal verbs. For a nonfiction source, identify the author the first time you cite the source. They are often shorter than the original quote, allowing you to use your own words to paraphrase or summarize. A signal phrase is a short introduction phrase that indicates that a quote or paraphrase is coming. Effective Verbs for Introducing Quotations Oftentimes in academic writing, you decide to use outside sources to enhance your argument and make it credible. When introducing quotes be sure to include the author's name and page number. Moreover, note the use of the colon (substituting for the word “said”). Be as concise as possible to reduce the number of words in your summary, and always credit your references when quoting or paraphrasing. To learn more, keep reading, as this blog post explains the do's and don'ts of paraphrasing and includes 10 examples of paraphrasing for a smarter, better essay. When you include a paraphrase in your paper, introduce it with the author's name; for example, “According to Piaget…” or “Barkley suggests…. You may require quotation marks to highlight the tiles of short or other compositions (chapters, poems, articles), while the titles of albums, books, newspapers, magazines, and other big works should be italicized. Two formats to incorporate a paraphrase or summary (1) Signal format: Introduce the author with a signal phrase, followed immediately by the year in parentheses:. Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing are all different ways of including the ideas of others into your assignments. Explanation; When you introduce facts that you have found in a source. Effective Verbs for Introducing Quotations Oftentimes in academic writing, you decide to use outside sources to enhance your argument and make it credible. These signal phrases are important to help give some background information about the quotation and indicate. This method is often referred to as the ICE method of integrating quotes: Introduce, Cite, and then Explain. If there's a phrase ending with a verb, use a comma. Here are the definitions of these terms from Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary www. Notice how words that are found italicized in the original text are likewise italicized in the quote. Ways to paraphrase. What is another word for quote. When the author's words convey a powerful meaning. Cite your quote or paraphrase properly according to the rules of style you are following in your essay. There are times when it may be best to quote the sources directly, while other times may be better served by paraphrasing or summary. There are numerous benefits to crafting quotations into your speech, including: The primary reason to quote material in your speech is that it reinforces your ideas. In the body of an essay and in the list of sources, the title of an article, a poem in a collection, or a short story should be set off by. Is this a successful paraphrase? 2. Note that I said “about 15 words…” Note that I said “about 15 words…”, so don’t let that exact number stop you using a quote that’s a bit longer. Summarizing means cutting it down to its bare essentials. Introducing Your Point of View: X overlooks what I consider an important point about _____. when it is hard to paraphrase or summarize the text without changing the author's meaning. Here are three common phrasings: In the words of X,. A block quote is generally accepted as text with 40 or more words. Center for Writing and Speaking When writing an argumentative, analytical, or persuasive essay, prove your argument by including evidence. How well does the quotation illustrate or support my analysis? Is this quotation the best evidence of the point I am making? Why am I quoting the text instead of paraphrasing or summarizing it?” (169) Use "signal phrases" to introduce quotations and integrate them into the flow of your paper. Naming the author(s) attributes the information, ideas, and claims in the paraphrase. For a literary source, identify the speaker or writer and the position of the quoted piece in its work for every quotation. Precede a quotation with signal words, such as ‘explains’ and ‘illustrates,’ or ‘continues’ – followed by a comma. Don't expend words writing about quotes and sources. ˜ In other words, X believes _____. √ Rephrasing another's ideas into you own words is known as paraphrasing √ With paraphrasing you still do need to site the original resource √ If you are borrowing heavily from a resource but still using you own words, add a reference. This is known as direct speech or direct quotation. Introduce the quotation or paraphrase by setting it in context. For example: a. Introducing Quotations: Using Reporting Words WR6. Introduce the ethos of the author or original text, 2. The word or words “signal” to the reader that the writer is using someone. In the space below, write a few sentences about the rhetorical element and its example, but this time, paraphrase the quote. Paraphrases are most useful when you want to present or examine an author’s ideas but you do not think the original words merit direct quotation. ” The AP Stylebook has a few simple rules for using quotation marks in AP style stories. According to the book Garbage and Recycling, “In 2006, about 245 million tons of trash were produced in the United States” (Parks 7). Paraphrasing does not mean simply changing a few of the original words, rearranging the structure of the sentence, or replacing some words with synonyms. Transitional words are separated from the sentence by a comma. Wise Old Sayings and Quotes: Introduction Welcome to Wise Old Sayings, one of the oldest collections of wise quotes, proverbs and sayings gathered from all over the world. When including summaries, paraphrases, or quotations in academic writing, sometimes you should include the name of the author of the original source within the sentence rather than as a parenthetical citation. In an academic paper where you need to refer to the ideas of other writers and researchers in your field, you will need to introduce their ideas to the readers using reporting verbs. In addition, they improve sentence fluency. Always paraphrase when you want to emphasize an expressed idea or when you want to show the sources key points in. When you use a source, you must choose between either quoting the exact words of the source or composing a paraphrase. Rules for Long Quotations. A block quote is generally accepted as text with 40 or more words. How to Leave Out Part of a Quotation. Signal phrases are short phrases that introduce a quote, paraphrase, or summary; they signal to readers that an outside source is being used. *Quotation – If what the speaker or author said was important in the exact order that he or she stated it, record the sentence(s) word-for-word as a direct quotation. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Paraphrase: to rewrite the text in your own words so that it is about the same number of words as the original. However you should use an ellipsis if the words as they appear in your quotation could be mistaken for a complete sentence, but in the original are only part of a longer sentence. In TOEFL iBT, for instance,. When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. There are three main ways to introduce quotes. Note that when you quote the title, you must quote it as written. INTRODUCE is the first step in the ICE process for embedding quotes. Attributing Quotes in an Article. A quotation should never suddenly appear out of nowhere. Quotation means placing a source's words in quotation marks and using them exactly as you found them, whereas paraphrasing means putting borrowed ideas or information into your own words. Paraphrases: When writing a research paper, the majority of your. If the quote doesn’t match the sentence you would like to say, you can doctor the quotes (within reason) using brackets: [ ]. This method is often referred to as the ICE method of integrating quotes: Introduce, Cite, and then Explain. You could approach this by quoting the work directly or try to convey the information from the original source in your paper by rephrasing it in your own words. Any paper in which you draw upon sources will. Commas are typically used to introduce a quotation by way of some word or expression, such as "said" or "asked" or any appropriate synonym for these words. Quoting, Paraphrasing, Summarizing 1. It's also called a quotative frame or a dialogue guide. VERBS TO INTRODUCE QUOTATIONS AND PARAPHRASES. When you are introducing a speaker, your primary goal is to prepare the audience and get them excited for what they are about to hear. Citing Secondary or Indirect Sources: APA, MLA & Chicago Styles Example’–’Both’Quotes’and’Paraphrases** Microsoft Word - Citing Secondary or. When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing. The key to successful paraphrasing is to use as few words as possible from the original text--be mindful not to change the meaning that you are trying to convey as you rephrase--and to cite your paraphrase. Introducing a quote. A list of words that end with Quoted. You indicate this replication by placing the words between quotation marks or offsetting them as a block quotation. Here are three common phrasings: In the words of X,. Re: quotes in a conclusion paragraph. When you introduce a quote, pay close attention to the proper use of quotation marks and related punctuation. When omitting words from the middle or end of a quoted sentence, indicate with an ellipse (…) where the omission occurs. Tips for Quoting and Paraphrasing. Writing about the dwindling attention among some composition scholoars to the actual teaching of writing, Susan Miller notes that " few discussions of writing pedagogy take it for granted that one of [their] goals is to teach how to write" (480). Use a technique that suits you, e. It is particularly useful in cases where the. A final word on whether to use double or single quotation marks. Introduce your quotes and paraphrases to your reader, especially on first reference. Quoting and Paraphrasing Correctly CCU Writing Center 2008 Guidelines for using direct quotes 1. Simply changing a few words from the original source or restating the information exactly using different words is considered plagiarism. If you mention the author’s name when you introduce the quote, you should follow it with the year of publication in parentheses. Lastly, quotation marks are eliminated, since the indentation and single spacing clearly identify it as a quote. Any paper in which you draw upon sources will. Example: Professor and textbook author Elaine Tyler May argues that many high school history books are too bland to interest young readers (531). Quoting should be done sparingly and should support your own work, not replace it. Additionally, quotes help to support your argument and can be used to develop your topic ideas or thesis statement. ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Evidence Body paragraphs in academic essays contain evidence that supports debatable main ideas that appear in topic sentences, and responsible writers make sure to introduce, cite, and explain quotes and paraphrases used as evidence. It is useful sometimes to use the original words of the author when those exact words carry special significance. Paraphrase is to take up in one's own words the ideas of an author. Basic rules MLA style calls referring to the works of others in one’s own paper parenthetical citations (This is generally the same idea as an in-text citation in APA style). Take a look at these examples:. Paraphrasing: changing another writer’s words without changing the meaning. •MLA style users should always use signal phrases to introduce quotation. You’ll learn how paraphrases are different from direct quotes, and two reasons why you might need to paraphrase a text. When to quote. While summarizing provides a brief/overall description of your resource, paraphrasing goes deeper and goes over sections of the resource piece by piece. Select verbs that will give readers more context for a quote or paraphrase Verbs to introduce a fact/statement: states, writes, mentions, adds, points out, notes, comments, finds, observes, discusses, expresses, considers, explores, illustrates. Also, do not use an ellipsis to indicate that you have left out the beginning of a sentence; only missing words from the end or somewhere in the middle of a sentence need to be indicated with an ellipsis. Turn the question or prompt into a statement. ) must introduce the quote with a comma. Integrating and Formatting Paraphrases and Quotations Paraphrases summarize what you have read in a given text while quotations repeat what the text says, word-for-word. Longer quotations (more than 3 lines of text) should start on a new line, be indented and in italics. , IB2a or IIC, etc. In this chapter, we discuss what quotes are, why they are necessary and how to use them properly. 35 many more opportunities when working in it, this meeting was attended by nearly 6,000 people. Use them sparingly. Each verb has its own nuance. Quotations should, however, be chosen carefully and used sparingly. Cite your quote or paraphrase properly according to the rules of style you are following in your essay. Even though you may have rewritten ideas and information using your own words in a paraphrase or summary, the ideas and information are not yours. Various methods of quote integration: • Introduce the quote with a complete sentence and a colon or a comma Example: Olaf explicates his physical state in the Disney film Frozen: “I don't have a skull, or bones” (Buck & Lee, 2013). Introduce your quotes and paraphrases to your reader, especially on first reference. Is this a successful paraphrase? 2. When the time comes to quote more than a line or two, it's important to start a new line and introduce the block quote. Rules for Long Quotations. Avoiding Plagiarism: When incorporating outside sources, it’s important to be conscious of what constitutes plagiarism and to avoid plagiarizing material. Quote or Paraphrase Incorporating sources : Incorporating sources Option 1: Paraphrase—restate the author’s idea in your own words Option 2: Quote—use an author’s exact words in quotation marks Option 3: Quote part of a sentence—incorporate part of a direct quote into a sentence of your own Note: To quote more than one non-consecutive parts of a quote, use an ellipsis (. When including summaries, paraphrases, or quotations in academic writing, sometimes you should include the name of the author of the original source within the sentence rather than as a parenthetical citation. Signal phrases can. Do not use quotation marks because the block format indicates it is a quotation. Kids who don't learn to paraphrase well will not only grow into poor writers but may also even resort to plagiarism, which is not at all a good thing. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. Direct quotations Occasionally, you may use direct quotes (the EXACT words of the author) as evidence in your writing. Introduce the quotation with a complete sentence, followed by a colon. In this guide, the in-text citation examples shown to the left for specific sources are for paraphrases and summaries (Author-Date pattern). Commas are typically used to introduce a quotation by way of some word or expression, such as “said” or “asked” or any appropriate synonym for these words. * You have to provide citation* for both of them. When are quotes used?. As long as your quotes and paraphrases are properly referenced, use the words which are comfortable and accurate for your voice and your individual argument. “Paraphrase” is a verb which means to re-write a phrase or sentence with the same meaning but using different words. Center for Writing and Speaking When writing an argumentative, analytical, or persuasive essay, prove your argument by including evidence. 13 Punctuation relative to closing quotation marks; 13. Try not to look back at the original passage. Introducing and citing quotations, paraphrases, and summaries Once you have decided which information you will paraphrase, which you will summarize, and which you will quote from, you need to ensure that the material is cited correctly into your paper. A quotation consists of a bid price and an ask price. Rules for Paraphrasing from Writing Research Papers by Lester and Lester; 2. To learn more, keep reading, as this blog post explains the do’s and don’ts of paraphrasing and includes 10 examples of paraphrasing for a smarter, better essay. The Heresy of Paraphrase. Pompous Windbag III, it says” or “the following quote by a government study shows that…” you are wasting words that would be better spent developing your ideas. know whose words you are quoting. How Make sure you introduce the quote so the audience knows it’s coming, indicate who said the quote, and connect the quote to the rest of your paper. In this guide, the in-text citation examples shown to the left for specific sources are for paraphrases and summaries (Author-Date pattern). Introduce the ethos of the author or original text, 2. If you need to quote a longer passage, place the quoted material in a free-standing block of text,. MLA Format – In-Text Citations and Quotations A. When you want to use the author as an authoritative voice in your own writing. Integrating Quotations for the MLA Format In research paper writing, it is important to allow your own thinking to control the paper. Most of our discoveries take advantage of work done by those who have gone before us. Quotations, paraphrases and summaries are all methods of including research in your writing or presentations. If you do put a direct quote into your notes or response, put quotation marks around it so that it’s clear to you and to the graders that you did not come up with that phrase yourself. Cite your quote or paraphrase properly according to the rules of style you are following in your essay. Words of an Expert. Textual Evidence: #2 Paraphrases A paraphrase is when a section of textual evidence is written with different words and different sentence structures than the original When the information from a source is paraphrased-not used verbatim (or word-for-word), it is not placed in quotation marks Paraphrases are used to:. Step 1- Read the passage to be paraphrased twice. These assessments will help you to gauge your understanding of the definitions. All quotes must be attached to the original source and should incorporate the correct use of quotation marks. Only quote memorable material. Paraphrases are most useful when you want to present or examine an author’s ideas but you do not think the original words merit direct quotation. A quotation consists of a bid price and an ask price. verbs to introduce quotations and paraphrases: verbs to introduce quotations and paraphrases. Is this appropriate or inappropriate paraphrasing?The original passage:Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. to make a clear distinction between an author's views and your own. You should introduce a summary or paraphrase, and then give your own ideas that show the. Quotes, paraphrases, and summaries can give you evidence, reasons and examples to prove your own points. Rules for Long Quotations. The citations for quotes include page numbers when applicable. 16 Colon to introduce a quotation; 13. The rule is that in your paraphrase, it's okay to have a word or two that are the same as the original source. -- Created using PowT. In the words of X,. introduce an author's position you may wish to discuss. APA style requires that any quotations of 40 words or more be structured as a block quote. Whether you quote, paraphrase, or summarize a single phrase or a whole chapter, you must acknowledge the original author no matter how much of the source you use or how often you use it. should look away from the source when you write your paraphrase; put quotation marks when you use three or more words from the original source in your paraphrase. A paraphrase or summary is a rewrite of the original author’s ideas in your own words. Let's say that you want to introduce information from another source (a book, a journal article, or website, for example) into your paper. " Colons and semicolons should never be used interchangeably. Block Quotes. I began by teaching students a six-step approach to paraphrasing which was provided to me by the school reading specialist. If you mention the author's name when you introduce the quotation, you should follow their name with the year of publication in parentheses. You could approach this by quoting the work directly or try to convey the information from the original source in your paper by rephrasing it in your own words. Barnard claimed the phrase's source to be oriental by adding "so said a famous Japanese philosopher, and he was right". What sources can and cannot do 2. Let your voice carry the essay. The long quotation is indented half an inch from the rest of the text, so it looks like a block of text. … The word or words 'signal' to the reader that the writer is using someone else's ideas. Transitional words are separated from the sentence by a comma. Summarizing is thus paraphrasing only the highlights of a source text or speech. ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Evidence Body paragraphs in academic essays contain evidence that supports debatable main ideas that appear in topic sentences, and responsible writers make sure to introduce, cite, and explain quotes and paraphrases used as evidence. Transitional words increase clarity and provide a logical connection between clauses and sentences. Omitting Words at the Beginning of a Quote. Paraphrasing - when you state the ideas from another source in your own words. Direct quotations Direct quotations are used when you want to use some words exactly as they are found in the source. for instance: words are what poetry is all about, “the wording is the essence of the novelty” [18]. A quote or quotation is a string of words that is word for word identical to that of person other than yourself. quoted material. Step 1- Read the passage to be paraphrased twice. Do signal phrases introduce quotes and paraphrases? They are not formed from other words they are a small class of relationship or signal words that assume the functions of nouns within. See below for some basic guidelines on how to include both paraphrases and quotations in your essays. If not, you need either to rewrite the portion of the sentence you created or drop the quoted material and use a paraphrase. used to refer to a person, object, idea, etc. If your paper relies heavily on the work of one or more sources, a signal phrase introducing the source is recommended. To integrate a quote, it is important to make sure that they are consistent with the grammatical progression of your sentence. When using quotes, it is important to incorporate, or “blend” them seamlessly into your own words within a. They are used to indicate a person's exact written or spoken words, and in certain situations they are also used to set off words, phrases, or specific types of titles. Words from a text that are used to support an essay's claim. Explanation; When you introduce facts that you have found in a source. The Paraphrasing Spectrum To Repeat, you select the main claims or most relevant parts of a text. include the summary, paraphrase or quote, 3. For longer passages, use block quotes. I wholeheartedly endorse what X calls _____. Using direct quotes and paraphrasing will help you to avoid plagiarizing another's work. Reporting words example: Burrows (2010) predicts that there will be no further interest rate rises until late next year. The first time you introduce a quotation and its source you should include some basic contextual. Graff, Gerald and Cathy Birkenstein. Many well-wishers from around the same extradiegetic narratee. Otherwise, it would be a collection of quotes rather than an original essay. Quote as concisely as possible. There are many ways to take notes—from jotting down single words or phrases to photocopying entire articles. MLA paraphrase involves incorporating another person’s facts and opinions in your writing is possible with the use of citations as described in the MLA manual of style. The ability to break down an idea, to put it into your own words, is very important in research writing. You are citing the ideas! Give credit where credit is due!. The quotation is unnecessarily broken up and difficult to follow. According to Turabian, writers have two options for including quotations in their texts. By integrating directly with the text, it facilitates reading. Various methods of quote integration: • Introduce the quote with a complete sentence and a colon or a comma Example: Olaf explicates his physical state in the Disney film Frozen: “I don't have a skull, or bones” (Buck & Lee, 2013). How to Paraphrase, Quote, and Summarize Properly…5 Jul 2016 Explains how to use quotation, paraphrasing and. You can introduce the quote with a full sentence followed by a colon. In either case, take care that the wording remains grammatically correct. To indicate your reliance on exact words from a source, either place the borrowed words between quotation marks or if the quotation is forty words or more, use indentation to create a block quotation. 1 Note the double quotation marks and documentation (author™s name and page number) in the preceding sentence.